Core Outcome Measures in Effectiveness Trials

The COMET (Core Outcome Measures in Effectiveness Trials) Initiative brings together people interested in the development and application of agreed standardised sets of outcomes, known as ‘core outcome sets’. These sets represent the minimum that should be measured and reported in all clinical trials of a specific condition, and are also suitable for use in clinical audit or research other than randomised trials. The existence or use of a core outcome set does not imply that outcomes in a particular trial should be restricted to those in the relevant core outcome set. Rather, there is an expectation that the core outcomes will be collected and reported, making it easier for the results of trials to be compared, contrasted and combined as appropriate; while researchers continue to explore other outcomes as well. COMET aims to collate and stimulate relevant resources, both applied and methodological, to facilitate exchange of ideas and information, and to foster methodological research in this area.

When searching the COMET database, please note that a systematic review is currently underway to identify eligible material, and we are continually updating the database as we identify eligible studies. Therefore, the records retrieved by any search might increase on a daily basis.

The COMET database currently contains 685 references of planned, ongoing and completed work.

The keyword used for the search will be compared with study title, abstract and author's surname.

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To view a demonstration of how to search the COMET database click here

Core resource pack

Useful references for core outcome set developers.

This includes an overview of the problems with outcomes in trials, key issues to consider in the development of a core outcome set, examples of core outcome set development, and things to think about once a COS is agreed. To read more, click here.

Latest News

  • Monday 24 August, 2015 - COS-STAR: a reporting guideline for studies developing core outcome sets (protocol)

    Core outcome sets can increase the efficiency and value of research and, as a result, there are an increasing number of studies looking to develop core outcome sets (COS). However, the credibility of a COS depends on both the use of sound methodology in its development and clear and transparent reporting of the processes adopted. To date there is no reporting guideline for reporting COS studies. The aim of this programme of research is to develop a reporting guideline for studies developing COS and to highlight some of the important methodological considerations in the process. Read the full protocol here.

  • Monday 01 June, 2015 - Abstracts of the 4th Meeting of the Core Outcome Measures in Effectiveness Trials (COMET) Initiative

    Abstracts and a meeting summary are now published in Trials. View the supplement here.

  • Friday 22 May, 2015 - Towards core outcome set (COS) development: a follow-up descriptive survey of outcomes in Cochrane reviews

    As part of this work, an earlier exploratory survey of the outcomes of newly published 2007 and 2011 Cochrane reviews was performed. This survey examined the use of COS, the variety of specified outcomes, and outcome reporting in Cochrane reviews by Cochrane Review Group (CRG). To examine changes over time and to explore outcomes that were repeatedly specified over time in Cochrane reviews by CRG, we conducted a follow-up survey of outcomes in 2013 Cochrane reviews. The proportion of specified outcomes that were reported in Cochrane reviews had increased in 2013 (68 %) compared to 2007 (61 %) and 2011 (65 %). Importantly, 2013 Cochrane reviews that did not report specified outcomes were twice as likely to provide an explanation for why the outcome was not reported. There has been an increased uptake of SoF tables in Cochrane reviews. Outcomes that were repeatedly specified in Cochrane reviews by CRG in 2007, 2011, and 2013 may assist COS development.Read the full paper here.

Recently Added Studies

  • Outcome Measures in Glaucoma: A Systematic Review of Cochrane Reviews and Protocols

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  • Developing a core outcome set for induced abortion

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  • Identifying a standard set of outcome parameters for the evaluation of orthogeriatric co-management for hip fractures

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  • Pain management for women in labour: an overview of systematic reviews (Review)

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